Soft Woods

Softwood is wood from gymnosperm trees such as conifers. Softwood is the source of about 80% of the world's production of timber, with traditional centres of production being the Baltic region (including Scandinavia and Russia), North America and China. The term is opposed to hardwood, which is the wood from angiosperm trees. Softwoods are not necessarily softer than hardwoods. In both groups there is an enormous variation in actual wood hardness, with the range in density in hardwoods completely including that of softwoods; some hardwoods (e.g. balsa) are softer than most softwoods, while the hardest hardwoods are much harder than any softwood. The woods of longleaf pine, douglas fir, and yew are much harder in the mechanical sense than several hardwoods.

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V.G.Fir

V.G.Fir

Color/Appearance: Can vary in color based upon age and location of tree. Usually a light brown color with a hint of red and/or yellow, with darker growth rings. In quartersawn pieces, the grain is typically straight and plain. In flatsawn pieces, (typically seen in rotary-sliced veneers), the wood ...

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Pine (Southern Yellow)

Pine (Southern Yellow)

Southern yellow pine (often abbreviated SYP) doesn't refer to any one species of tree, but rather a group of species which are classified as yellow pine (as opposed to white pine), and are native to the Southern United States. They grow very well in the acidic red clay soil found in most of the regi...

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Pine Radiata

Pine Radiata

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown, wide sapwood is a paler yellowish white, and is distinct from the heartwood. Radiata Pine lumber is plantation-grown, and generally has very wide growth rings and is knot-free. Grain/Texture: Straight grained with a medium, even texture. Endgrain: Medium-l...

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Pine (Caribbean Heart)

Pine (Caribbean Heart)

Grain/Texture: Straight grained with a medium to coarse texture and a greasy feel. Endgrain: Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast high; tracheid diameter medium-large. Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as m...

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Pine (Sugar)

Pine (Sugar)

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light brown, sometimes with a slightly reddish hue. Sapwood is a pale yellow to nearly white. Flatsawn surfaces frequently exhibit small brown streaks from the conspicuous resin canals present in the tree. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight with an even, medium to coar...

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Pine Ponderosa

Pine Ponderosa

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white. Grain/Texture: Straight grained with medium texture. Endgrain: Medium-large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary; earlywood to latewood transition fairly abrupt, color contrast can vary depending on g...

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Cedar Western Red

Cedar Western Red

Color/Appearance: Heartwood reddish to pinkish brown, often with random streaks and bands of darker red/brown areas. Narrow sapwood is pale yellowish white, and isn’t always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Grain/Texture: Has a straight grain and a medium to coarse texture. Endgrain: Resin c...

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Cedar (Alaskan Yellow)

Cedar (Alaskan Yellow)

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a light yellow. Sapwood is a similar whitish/pale yellow and isn’t distinct from the heartwood. Color tends to darken with age upon exposure to light, (though when left exposed outdoors it weathers to a uniform gray). Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, though ...

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V.G.  Hemlock

V.G. Hemlock

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown. Sapwood may be slightly lighter in color but usually isn’t distinguished from the heartwood. Occasionally contains dark streaks caused by bark maggots. The conspicuous growth rings can exhibit interesting grain patterns on flatsawn surfaces. Grai...

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Cedar (Aromatic Red)

Cedar (Aromatic Red)

Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a reddish or violet-brown. Sapwood is a pale yellow color, and can be appear throughout the heartwood as streaks and stripes. Grain/Texture: Has a straight grain, usually with knots present. Has a very fine even texture. Endgrain: Resin canals absent; earlywoo...

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Cedar (Spanish)

Cedar (Spanish)

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a relatively uniform light pinkish to reddish brown; colors tend to darken with age. Random pockets of gum and natural oils are commonly present. Grain patterning and figure tends to be somewhat bland. Grain/Texture: Grain is straight or shallowly interlocked. Medium ...

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Cypress

Cypress

Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light reddish brown. Sapwood may be slightly lighter in color but usually isn’t distinguished from the heartwood. Occasionally contains dark streaks caused by bark maggots. The conspicuous growth rings can exhibit interesting grain patterns on flatsawn surfaces. Grai...

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